The Open Society and Its Enemies - Volume Two: Hegel and Marx

The Open Society and Its Enemies - Volume Two: Hegel and Marx

Karl R. Popper / Jul 19, 2019

The Open Society and Its Enemies Volume Two Hegel and Marx Written in political exile in New Zealand during the World War II and first published in two volumes in Karl Poppers The Open Society and its Enemies was hailed by Bertrand Russell as a vigorous

  • Title: The Open Society and Its Enemies - Volume Two: Hegel and Marx
  • Author: Karl R. Popper
  • ISBN: 9780415278423
  • Page: 238
  • Format: Paperback
  • Written in political exile in New Zealand during the World War II and first published in two volumes in 1945, Karl Poppers The Open Society and its Enemies was hailed by Bertrand Russell as a vigorous and profound defence of democracy Its now legendary attack on the philosophies of Plato, Hegel and Marx prophesied the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and exposed thWritten in political exile in New Zealand during the World War II and first published in two volumes in 1945, Karl Poppers The Open Society and its Enemies was hailed by Bertrand Russell as a vigorous and profound defence of democracy Its now legendary attack on the philosophies of Plato, Hegel and Marx prophesied the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and exposed the fatal flaws of socially engineered political systems.

    Open Society Foundations A man sits beside radio equipment in the Mingkaman area of South Sudan The Open Society Foundations support every person s right to a free and independent media capable of holding the powerful to account. Open society The open society was conceived in by French philosopher Henri Bergson The idea was further developed during the Second World War by Austrian born British philosopher Karl Popper. Bergson describes a closed society as a closed system of law or religion It is static, like a closed mind Bergson suggests that if all traces of civilization were to disappear, the instincts of the closed Open Society Foundations Open Society Foundations OSF , formerly the Open Society Institute, is an international grantmaking network founded by business magnate George Soros Open Society Foundations financially support civil society groups around the world, with a stated aim of advancing justice, education, public health and independent media. Understanding Sex Work in an Open Society Who are sex workers, and why do the Open Society Foundations support their struggle for rights Open Academic Society Open Academic Society is formed by a group of institutions to create a shared, open and expanding knowledge graph of research and education focused entities and relationships. OSF Political and legal evaluation of the authoritarian regime as a prerequisite for a transition to democratic governance CIVIL SOCIETY AGENDA TOWARDS SNAP PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS. Regina Open Door Society The Regina Open Door Society RODS is a non profit organization that provides settlement and integration services to refugees and immigrants in Regina RODS is committed to meeting the needs of newcomers by offering programs and services that enable them to achieve their goals and participate fu Open Spaces Society Protecting Open Spaces Since The Open Spaces Society is Britain s oldest national conservation body, founded in We campaign for stronger protection for commons, greens and paths Open Society Foundation for South Africa Welcome to OSF SA T he Open Society Foundation for South Africa OSF SA is committed to promoting the values, institutions, and practices of an open, non racial and non sexist, democratic, civil society. We are part of the Open Society Foundations network which includes these other African organisations OSISA, OSIWA, and OSIEA Our focus areas include the Information, Expression, and Accountability OSISA Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa OSISA is a grant making and advocacy foundation that is part of the global Open Society Foundations Network.

    • Best Download [Karl R. Popper] ì The Open Society and Its Enemies - Volume Two: Hegel and Marx || [Historical Fiction Book] PDF ↠
      238 Karl R. Popper
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    About "Karl R. Popper"

      • Karl R. Popper

        Sir Karl Raimund Popper was born in Vienna on 28 July 1902 His rise from a modest background as an assistant cabinet maker and school teacher to one of the most influential theorists and leading philosophers was characteristically Austrian Popper commanded international audiences and conversation with him was an intellectual adventure even if a little rough , animated by a myriad of philosophical problems His intense desire to tear away at the veneer of falsity in pursuit of the truth lead him to contribute to a field of thought encompassing among others political theory, quantum mechanics, logic, scientific method and evolutionary theory.Popper challenged some of the ruling orthodoxies of philosophy logical positivism, Marxism, determinism and linguistic philosophy He argued that there are no subject matters but only problems and our desire to solve them He said that scientific theories cannot be verified but only tentatively refuted, and that the best philosophy is about profound problems, not word meanings Isaiah Berlin rightly said that Popper produced one of the most devastating refutations of Marxism Through his ideas Popper promoted a critical ethos, a world in which the give and take of debate is highly esteemed in the precept that we are all infinitely ignorant, that we differ only in the little bits of knowledge that we do have, and that with some co operative effort we may get nearer to the truth.Nearly every first year philosophy student knows that Popper regarded his solutions to the problems of induction and the demarcation of science from pseudo science as his greatest contributions So I would like to mention some other aspects of Popper s work that are sometimes neglected Popper s work is important not just to those who agree with his new bold solutions, but to everyone who recognizes the importance of the problems that Popper discovered, analysed and reformulated in a way that allows a solution Anyone who doubts the importance of getting the question right , of revealing the web of sub problems of a problem and their disparate connections to apparently unrelated domains, should consult the history of Andrew Wiles s proof of Fermat s last theorem To take just three examples, the problems of verisimilitude, of probability a life long love of his , and of the relationship between the mind and body will never look the same now that Popper has made important progress in charting the intricate structure of these problems and in offering at least partial solutions Yet there are books on the mind body problem, for instance, that simply do not mention Popper s work for on this attempted refutation by neglect , see the introductory reading list.Popper was a Fellow of the Royal Society, Fellow of the British Academy, and Membre de I Institute de France He was an Honorary member of the Harvard Chapter of Phi Beta Kappa, and an Honorary Fellow of the London School of Economics, King s College London, and of Darwin College Cambridge He was awarded prizes and honours throughout the world, including the Austrian Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold, the Lippincott Award of the American Political Science Association, and the Sonning Prize for merit in work which had furthered European civilization.Karl Popper was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1965 and invested by her with the Insignia of a Companion of Honour in 1982.Sir Karl Popper, who died on 17th September 1994, will continue to stimulate the best minds through his work, which now has a life of its own tkpw intro_popper intr


    645 Comments

    1. This is the second volume of Popper's work that warns of the great influence of thinkers who were no friends of the open society, a society in which the rights of the individual are valued over the glory of the state.In volume one, Popper uses Plato's writings, quoted extensively, to indict Plato very effectively as an advocate of totalitarianism. In this volume, it is Hegel and Marx that are up on charges of abandoning reason for historicism, Popper's term for a mythological belief that there i [...]


    2. في هذا الجزء يستمر بوبر في نقده القاسي واللاذع ، ل-الفكرين القومي والاشتراكياللذان يدعوان إلى أنظمة شمولية تمجد الأفكار اليوتوبية ، والمتمثلة في هذا الجزء بالمدرستين الماركسية والهيغلية.*كان ماركس رغم مزاياه نبياً زائفاً.لقد كان نبي مسيرة التاريخ، ولم تتحق نبوءاته.لعبت أف [...]


    3. I don't know what I would do without this book. Popper fled the Nazi takeover of Austria, and set out to write a book that would somehow fight bad ideologies. He succeeded. If only anyone actually read it. Open Society begins with an attack on Plato. Popper argues that we need to realize that Plato chose Sparta over Athens, and every other vaguely cosmopolitan city. He spends time describing just how controlled, misogynistic, and totalitarian Spartan life really was. Popper then moves on to show [...]


    4. Just a quote:"It should perhaps be admitted that the Heraclitean ethics, the doctrine that the higher reward is that which only posterity can offer, may in some way perhaps be slightly superior to an ethical doctrine which teaches us to look out for reward now. But it is not what we need. We need an ethics which defies success and reward. And such an ethics need not be invented. It is not new. It has been taught by Christianity, at least in its beginnings. It is, again, taught by the industrial [...]


    5. From Plato to Hegel, the philosopher king is the summit of socialism everywhere, a system in which the "good" thinker knows what is best for all individuals. Karl Popper prefers the free society and counts neo-Platonism among his enemies. Having been raised in an authoritarian Communist culture in Austria, Popper rejected "historicism" in ascertaining that the growth of human knowledge is a causal factor in the evolution of human history, and since "no society can predict, scientifically, its ow [...]


    6. While Popper's critiques on the dangers of total ideas can be helpful, but ultimately this is a fairly vapid critique.


    7. Not nearly as engaging as Volume I. It might be because the material of Hegel's and Marx's philosophies are necessarily more complex than that of Plato and Aristotle. But I also got the impression that Popper, through a large part of the volume, left the discussion of an "open society" off to the side while he treated his preferred topic of historicism, along with other, less relevant tangents (many having to do with Marx's economic theories). The result was a book that I labored to get through, [...]


    8. Well written, and some interesting insights, but generally disingenuous towards Hegel and Marx, and I think unfairly and quite incorrectly attributes 'methods' to them that are not quite right, but which become convenient anchors for Popper to "deconstruct" them and show their inherrant weaknesses.In this regard he is dishonest and disappointing. But like many conservatives, his criticisms do apply to a certain clique within the left, and no doubt has won him many admirers.


    9. Popper birinci ciltte Platon'un Devlet ve Yasalar'ını çözümlüyor ve eleştiriyor. Herakleitos etkisinde kalan Platon onun gibi elit bir zümrenin iktidarını tasarlıyor. Platon'a göre insanlar farklı kalitelerde doğarlar ve devletteki görevleri de bu kalitelere göre belirlenmelidir. Platon üç sınıfa karşılık üç kalitede insan çeşidi tanımlar. Popper bunun ırkçı bir yaklaşım olduğunu söylese de orta çağın soylu-ruhban-köylü ayrımına veya kast sistemine daha [...]


    10. گزیده ای از ضمیمه کتاب تحت عنوان "واقعیتها و شاخصها و صدق: انتقادی دیگر از نسبیگرایی" که در سال 1961 توسط پوپر افزوده شده است:ممکن است اعتراض شود که صرف نظر از اینکه آراء من درباره ی ماهیت معرفت اخلاقی و وجدانیات اخلاقی پذیرفتنی باشد یا نه، به هر حال نسبی یا ذهنی است، زیرا هیچ شاخص [...]


    11. 4 1/2 stars. This is a pretty extensive refutation of Marx's (inspired by Hegel's) historicism. "Scientific Marxism is dead," Popper claims, and that's also an apt summary of the work as a whole. I think that he is undoubtedly right in the main in his treatment of Marx, and I'm obviously not going to go through the arguments he proffers against Marx's historicism, but I'll just provide some general remarks and one criticism.First, although it's clear that Popper abhors historicism, his treatment [...]


    12. I had never heard of Popper until Ligeti used a title of his for his pieces "Clouds and Clouds". So when in a book store, i search it out but ended up buying this one . Now here was a philosopher who didn't need to use big terms to impress you. His language is as simple as he could make it. And he ask the really important question-how open in terms of individual rights does a citizen have within a society. He takes Plato as a starting point and shows how much he was against such an idea and how [...]


    13. Still reading currently. Will definitely have more to say about it when I'm done. Given the time frame this is written in, Popper is talking about issues between liberal democracy and the communism-based totalitarian states. But really, a lot of what he's talking about is also applicable to religion and tribalism-based totalitarianism and is, thus, still pretty relevant today.


    14. I thought that this book was great (both Volume 1 and 2, although people more frequently refer to Volume 2, likely since it discusses Marxism which seems to be more near and dear to people's hearts). Popper wrote The Open Society during World War II when he thought that Europe might soon be under a totalitarian regime.


    15. - thinking in the solving problems need logics or an experience? - are we should trade one way? - are we all search for many answers at same time? - is there an answer without a question?




    16. This is the second part (the cover isn't correct, but oh well), and it's equally good. You should read this if you're uninspired to read anything else.




    17. Volume 2, dealing with Hegel and Marx, with an in-depth critique of the moral theory of historicism and whether history has any meaning, in light of oracular philosophy and the revolt against reason.


    18. In Vol 2 of The Open Society, Popper describes how the historicist approach of Hegel forms the foundation of facism and how the historicist approach of Marx - never mind its good intentions - led to immense suffering. His treatment of Hegel's philosophy is somewhat irritating, due to the long list of witty comments on how corrupted and wrong Hegel was. (Nonetheless, I completely agree with Popper on this).Hegel, according to Popper, was a scam. He developed a collectivist, historicist philosophy [...]


    19. Modern totalitarianism is only an episode within the perennial revolt against freedom and reason. From older episodes it is distinguished not so much by its ideology, as by the fact that its leaders succeeded in realizing one of the boldest dreams of their predecessors; they made the revolt against freedom a popular movement.




    20. Soberba continuação e conclusão de "A sociedade aberta e os seus inimigos". Mais do que uma análise filosófica a Hegel e a Marx, a sua dedicação à defesa do liberalismo é de louvar. O seu amor ao individualismo e ao humanismo, a crítica que faz ao colectivismo e ao que define como historicismo, revelam as grandes forças que movimentam os nossos pensamentos/sentimentos políticos, morais e filosóficos. A seguinte citação de um dos seus parágrafos ilustra de forma clara a contradiç [...]


    21. Well, that was a let down. The cranks on Hegel are worth the while, as is the question of the use of history in the last chapter, but everything elseh. Popper's thoughts on Marx are like a new invention that protects you against spears: not particularly important anymore, because I can't recall the last time I met a legitimate Marxist. Communists, sure, but out and out Marxists? A thing of the past. Ironically, Popper spends a great deal of time justifying what I see to be the largest threat to [...]


    22. I liked this book, though not as much as the first volume. Though that probably has a lot to do with having read much of Plato while having read very little of Hegel and Marx. One thing that bothered me a bit here was how Popper never really gives a very good justification for his morality of interventionism and his take on humanitarianism. He asserts, often enough, that we have moral duties to help those in need, for example, without providing much of a defense for why we should. I do not share [...]


    23. Während Popper im ersten Band von "Die offene Gesellschaft und ihre Feinde" Platon mit dem Seziermesser zerlegt und sein totalitäres Denken enthüllt, schlachtet er im zweiten Band zunächst den preußischen Staatsphilosophen Hegel. Ein Fest für jeden, der das Geschwurbel dieses "platten, geistlosen, ekelhaft—widerlichen, unwissenden Scharlatans, der, mit beispielloser Frechheit, Aberwitz und Unsinn zusammenschmierte" (Schopenhauer) noch nie leiden konnte. Danach analysiert er – mit deutl [...]


    24. …no sólo es imposible evitar un punto de vista selectivo, sino también que toda tentativa de hacerlo es indeseable, pues de lograrlo, no obtendríamos una descripción más “objetiva” sino tan sólo un mero cúmulo de enunciados totalmente inconexos.Prognosis: enunciado que describe un suceso, explicación causal Prognosis específica: conclusiónCiencias históricas: ciencias que se interesan en hechos específicos y en su ‘explicación, en contraposición a las ciencias generalizador [...]


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