Cannibals and Kings: Origins of Cultures

Cannibals and Kings: Origins of Cultures

Marvin Harris / Sep 23, 2019

Cannibals and Kings Origins of Cultures In this brilliant and profound study the distinguished American anthropologist Marvin Harris shows how the endless varieties of cultural behavior often so puzzling at first glance can be explained as

  • Title: Cannibals and Kings: Origins of Cultures
  • Author: Marvin Harris
  • ISBN: 9780679728498
  • Page: 163
  • Format: Paperback
  • In this brilliant and profound study the distinguished American anthropologist Marvin Harris shows how the endless varieties of cultural behavior often so puzzling at first glance can be explained as adaptations to particular ecological conditions His aim is to account for the evolution of cultural forms as Darwin accounted for the evolution of biological forms toIn this brilliant and profound study the distinguished American anthropologist Marvin Harris shows how the endless varieties of cultural behavior often so puzzling at first glance can be explained as adaptations to particular ecological conditions His aim is to account for the evolution of cultural forms as Darwin accounted for the evolution of biological forms to show how cultures adopt their characteristic forms in response to changing ecological modes A magisterial interpretation of the rise and fall of human cultures and societies Robert Lekachman, Washington Post Book World Its persuasive arguments asserting the primacy of cultural rather than genetic or psychological factors in human life deserve the widest possible audience Gloria Levitas The New Leader An original andurgent theory about the nature of man and at the reason that human cultures take so many diverse shapes The New Yorker Lively and controversial I Bernard Cohen, front page, The New York Times Book Review

    Human cannibalism Human cannibalism is the act or practice of humans eating the flesh or internal organs of other human beings A person who practices cannibalism is called a cannibal.The expression cannibalism has been extended into zoology to mean one individual of a species consuming all or part of another individual of the same species as food, including sexual cannibalism. Documenting the American South The Southern Experience in Cannibals all or, Slaves without masters, by George Fitzhugh, Were the Anasazi Cannibals Jeff Posey Were the Anasazi Cannibals What a question to even ask, right We don t go around asking if Napoleon and his army were cannibals We don t question if the perpetrators of the September , , attack on the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon in Washington, D.C were cannibals. Human Sacrifice in Legends and Myths Human Sacrifice among the Gauls France, Julius Caesar King Aun Sacrifices Nine Sons to Odin Sweden, Snorri Sturluson Buried Alive Sweden, Herman Hofberg Of the Pestilence in Jutland Denmark The Hxter Ghost Germany, Jacob and Wilhelm Nosferatu bloodlines Requiem for Kingsmouth Wiki Adroanzi Nicknames Gardeners, Lacrimists Theme Devious peddlers of liquid sin To Know successes Parent Clan Nosferatu Covenant Restrictions Unaligned or Circle of the Crone Disciplines Nburu, Nightmare, Obfuscate, Vigor Curse Physically violent when feeding Reputation Indifferent Source Self cannibalism Self cannibalism is the practice of eating oneself, also called autocannibalism, or autosarcophagy A similar term which is applied differently is autophagy, which specifically denotes the normal process of self degradation by cells.While almost an exclusive term for this process, autophagy nonetheless has occasionally made its way into common usage. KOS Band Kings of Swing Rock like you never knew The KOS Band is an exciting, powerful, and dynamic piece musical entity playing all the best dance music Featuring Top , Motown, and classic rock n roll hits from the s through today, The KOS Band has kept people of all ages crowding dance floors up and down the east coast for than years Kings Of The Wyld The Heartwyld Winner of the David Gemmell Morningstar Award for Best Debut Novel Winner of the Reddit Fantasy Award for Best Debut Novel Fantasy Faction s Best Book of the Year Clay Cooper was once a member of Saga, the most renowned mercenary band in the world, but has since retired to live in peace with his wife and Nosferatu bloodlines Requiem for Kingsmouth Wiki Nicknames Hunters Theme Deformed, monstrous assassins for the Ordo Dracul To Know successes Parent Clan Gangrel or Nosferatu Covenant Restrictions Constructing History with Cannibals deathreference Constructing History with Cannibals Many cultural mythologies posit a prehistory that antedates the onset of acceptable s, an epoch closed off from the beginnings of human settlement and social organization, when cannibalistic dynasties of giants prevailed.

    • Free Download [Spirituality Book] ↠ Cannibals and Kings: Origins of Cultures - by Marvin Harris ↠
      163 Marvin Harris
    • thumbnail Title: Free Download [Spirituality Book] ↠ Cannibals and Kings: Origins of Cultures - by Marvin Harris ↠
      Posted by:Marvin Harris
      Published :2018-010-01T01:14:10+00:00

    About "Marvin Harris"

      • Marvin Harris

        American anthropologist Marvin Harris was born in Brooklyn, New York A prolific writer, he was highly influential in the development of cultural materialism In his work he combined Karl Marx s emphasis on the forces of production with Malthus s insights on the impact of demographic factors on other parts of the sociocultural system Labeling demographic and production factors as infrastructure, Harris posited these factors as key in determining a society s social structure and culture Harris earliest work began in the Boasian tradition of descriptive anthropological fieldwork, but his fieldwork experiences in Mozambique in the late 1950s caused him to shift his focus from ideological features of culture, toward behavioral aspects His 1968 history of anthropological thought, The Rise of Anthropological Theory critically examined hundreds of years of social thought with the intent of constructing a viable nomothetic understanding of human culture that Harris came to call cultural materialism.Cultural materialism incorporated and refined Marx s categories of superstructure and base Harris modified and amplified such core Marxist concepts as means of production and exploitation, but Harris rejected two key aspects of Marxist thought the dialectic, which Harris attributed to an intellectual vogue of Marx s time and, unity of theory and practice, which Harris regarded as an inappropriate and damaging stance for social scientists Harris inclusion of demographic dynamics as determinant factors in sociocultural evolution also contrasted with Marx s rejection of population as a causal element.Marvin Harris early contributions to major theoretical issues include his revision of economic surplus theory in state formation He also became well known for formulating a materialist explanation for the treatment of Cattle in religions in Indian culture Along with Michael Harner, Harris is one of the scholars most associated with the suggestion that Aztec cannibalism occurred, and was the result of protein deficiency in the Aztec diet An explanation appears in Harris book Cannibals and Kings Harris also invoked the human quest for animal protein to explain Yanomamo warfare, contradicting ethnographer Napoleon Chagnon s sociobiological explanation involving innate male human aggressiveness.Several other publications by Harris examine the cultural and material roots of dietary traditions in many cultures, including Cows, Pigs, Wars, and Witches The Riddles of Culture 1975 Good to Eat Riddles of Food and Culture 1998 originally titled The Sacred Cow and the Abominable Pig and his co edited volume, Food and Evolution Toward a Theory of Human Food Habits 1987.Harris Why Nothing Works The Anthropology of Daily Life 1981 Originally titled America Now the Anthropology of a Changing Culture applies concepts from cultural materialism to the explanation of such social developments in late twentieth century United States as inflation, the entry of large numbers of women into the paid labor force, marital instability, and shoddy products.His Our Kind who we are, where we came from, where we are going 1990 surveys the broad sweep of human physical and cultural evolution, offering provocative explanations of such subjects as human gender and sexuality and the origins of inequality Finally, Harris 1979 work, Cultural Materialism The Struggle for a Science of Culture, updated and re released in 2001, offers perhaps the most comprehensive statement of cultural materialism.Over the course of his professional life, Harris drew both a loyal following and a considerable amount of criticism He became a regular fixture at the annual meetings of the American Anthropological Association where he would subject scholars to intense questioning from the floor, podium, or bar He is considered a generalist, who


    352 Comments

    1. super fucking brilliant, amazing and fascinating in every way imaginable. our anthropologist lays down his facts steadily, and builds to these assertions- theories, i suppose- which when they come are as astounding as they are seemingly self-evident. 'man was free until the formation of the state', for example, totally blew my mind, and yet don't we all kind of suspect that, in the backs of our minds?? the chapters on aztec cannibalism and hindu vegetarianism were probably my favorites, because [...]



    2. "Cannibals and Kings" is a sort of strange book. It tackles a variety of seemingly unrelated topics of popular interest in a sort of seamless flow, all through the lenses of environmentally-centered determinist forces. Harris has an authoritative authorial voice - there is always "no doubt" that the explanation he gives is The Explanation to this human mystery. Harris is an environmental determinist, which I like, and his arguments often presage those of the later, more famous determinist Jared [...]


    3. Cannibals and Kings is an excellent anthropology primer. The jacket notes describe it as a "brilliant and profound study of how the endless varieties of cultural behavior can be explained as adaptations to particular ecological conditions."In his introduction to the book author Marvin Harris posits that "reproductive pressure, [resource] intensification, and environmental depletion appear to provide the key for understanding the evolution of family organization, property relations, political eco [...]


    4. I read cows, pigs, wars and witches first. I only read this because I respect Marvin Harris so much. Turns out that I got a lot more out of this book. It totally changed the way that I look at civilization.


    5. I want to read anthropologists' responses to this book, or the author's notes. His conclusions are interesting and they all make at least some sense to me but causation is a problem; sometimes, he doesn't explain why the circumstances he describes in each of his case studies lead to his conclusions. I have no idea what to make of life-expectancy numbers from 30,000 BC. He says he does but I don't see how he arrived at the conclusions he has based on the speculative life-expectancies he chose.Als [...]


    6. Cannibals and Kings: Origins of Cultures is a fascinating exploration of thought in which Marvin Harris presents rational reasons for the development of warfare, agriculture, religion, migration, government, and politics. Systematically walk through time to witness the seeds of civilization germinate, take root, grow, wither, and become fertile ground for new societies to emerge and follow the same path. Throughout history, the balance between food resources and human population have dictated ch [...]


    7. โน้ตไว้หน่อยว่าผมชอบประเด็นของแฮร์ริสเป็นทุนเดิมอยู่แล้ว และคำอธิบายถึงพัฒนาการของสังคมมนุษย์ในแง่ต่างๆ ก็น่าคิดตามมาก แต่ที่ประหลาดใจคือ ผมเพิ่งรู้จริงๆ ว่าแกนับตัวเองเป [...]


    8. Fascinating! I read this as a way to start familiarizing myself with cultural materialism/determinism. His idea is basically that ecological factors are responsible for all the twists and turns in population/quality of life/political and economic systems. The idea that war was a product of over-population, that it is a way of cutting down your own population as well as the enemy's, and that this, in turn, produces patriarchal and misogynistic societies was especially interesting to me.


    9. Overall a very interesting book. My review is done in bullet points as to what I found interesting.-Reproductive pressures predisposed our stone age ancestors to resort to intensification as a response to declining numbers of big game animals caused by climatic changes at the end of the last ice age. Intensification of the hunting and collecting mode of production in turn set the stage for adoption of agriculture, which led in turn to heightened competition among groups, an increase in warfare a [...]


    10. Según entiendo, Marvin le hubiera contestado a Lucas: (haciendo decir a Marvin un poco más de lo que en realidad dijo)¿Por qué trabajamos mucho?Por un lado está la cuestión de la distribución, si se distribuyera un poco mejor lo que se produce no sería necesario producir tanto, ni por lo tanto trabajar tanto. Pero también está la cuestión de mantener el nivel poblacional, frente al crecimiento demográfico que surge por si solo por las capacidades naturales, no hay muchas opciones: o [...]


    11. Similarly interesting book as Cows, Pigs, Wars and Witches, this felt like more of a thought experiment covering the evolution of multiple different cultures across the globe and throughout the ages. There was some repetition with the previous book but also lots of thoughtful ideas on the forces that led people of different regions to develop customs ranging from eating human flesh, to banning the consumption of pig meat or worshiping cows as the principle givers of life.The book was written in [...]


    12. Libro Datato, superato, vituperato e quanto vorreste, ma dritto e schietto nella sua impostazione marxiana fine anni '70.Checchè ne dica la costituzione americana l'uomo, evolvendosi dal Cacciatore-raccoglitore delle caverne è destinato ad essere sempre più infelice , ed a sudare sempre più per essere più infelice.Ogni "Progresso" si è trasformato in realtà in un decadimento della qualità della vita si lavora 11 mesi per 2 settima di ferie, mentre l'uomo del neolitico "faticava" si fa pe [...]


    13. Materialist Frameworks: Cultural Ecology and Cultural MaterialismPigs for the Ancestors by Roy Rappaport 1967, 1984Cannibals and Kings by Marvin Harris 1977Rounding out my recent readings on materialist frameworks within anthropological theory, these two books move past looking at cultural ecology as a type of evolutionism, and explore the concept in more of a deterministic framework. Building on Steward’s efforts to understand the interplay between culture, production processes, and environme [...]


    14. “Many humanists and artists recoil from the proposition that cultural evolution has hitherto been shaped by unconscious impersonal forces. The determined nature of the past fills them with apprehension as to the possibility of an equally determined future. But their fears are misplaced. It is only through an awareness of the determined nature of the past that we can hope to make the future less dependent on unconscious and impersonal forces. In the birth of a science of culture others profess [...]


    15. General Thoughts and RatingExcellent cultural determinist view of the evolution of human societies and civilizations, which makes a fine companion read to Jared Diamond's "Guns, Germs and Steel." Marvin Harris manages to convincingly show how cycles of reproductive pressure, intensification and resource depletion shaped the world up to how it was in the 1970s, and points out that these factors - with a focus on the race between technology and resource depletion - will most-likely continue to sha [...]


    16. Книжка розрахована на дуже широку аудиторію. Дуже прикро, що безліч цікавих ідей розмиваються непомірним узагальненням і теоретизуванням. Відсутня аргументація більшості неоднозначних висновків, аналіз наявних фактів. Система посилань відсутня як така. Можливо, не варт [...]


    17. This book provides a great deal of compelling anthropological thought; it focuses on a systemic view of the ebbs and flows of culture, and has been quite a mind-fuck for me, as I've been reading it in stops and starts alongside Manuel De Landa's 1000 Years of Nonlinear History. Harris' style is dry but concise, and considering that dryness it is surprising what a quick read this is proving to be. (1000 Years of Nonlinear History, on the other hand, may take me about 1000 years to finish.) I won' [...]


    18. Archeologist Lewis-Williams said that scientists tend to favour the evidence that is most relevant to their pre-conceived ideas and that these tendencies can call into question the most solid and the most thought through theories. But in this book, Marvin Harris managed to almost entirely avoid such baises.Unfortunately it was not because he presented objectively valid data, but because he chose to not to rely on any physical evidence to further illustrate his arguments. Statements about early-h [...]


    19. Marvin Harris provides a quick survey of world history in this book. He tries to explain human's cultural development from early times and hunter-gatherers all the way to today's contemporary cultural practices. He attempts to show the parallels between today's standard beliefs and practices to an evolutionary history.Each chapter in this book builds from the theories provided in the ones before it. Some of his more interesting - if not controversial - attempt to show that cannibalism - or "peop [...]


    20. Questo libro, a mio avviso, andrebbe reso un teso obbligatorio per la scuola superiore.Secondo Harris le diverse civiltà e culture locali si sono sviluppate e caratterizzate a seconda della effettiva disponibilità delle risorse. Quando la domanda della popolazione in aumento era superiore a tale disponibilità, le culture intensificavano la produzione finché le risorse originali si approssimavano a un pericoloso esaurimento. Per sopravvivere era allora necessario agire sulla domanda, anche co [...]


    21. Marvin Harris inspects and interprets the mechanisms of society under the colourful title of Cannibals and Kings. As always he starts out on this quest with seemingly random topics until we find ourselves in a pretty tight spot as human beings. How is it relevant that most cultures abhor cannibalism, yet in all cultures at some point in time it is present? What price did we pay for the current standard of living, and what price are we about to pay? Harris points out that mankind has been on a da [...]


    22. This is the second book by Harris that I read, and I definitely like him.In this book, Harris tries to give answer to a wide variety of questions such as the dominance of man over women, cannibalism and vegetarianism, and food taboos claiming that most of the times these behaviors respond more to environmental than cultural pressures. Periods of starvation, scarcity of protein, reliance on rainfall vs. on irrigation, determine to a great extent what we label today as cultural (including religiou [...]


    23. A tour de force that takes a stab at rationally explaining the evolution of several unrelated aspects of culture. While Harris sounds a bit too sure of himself at times for his sometimes sweeping conclusions to be taken at face value, he does provide the reader with many eureka moments that makes this book an enjoyable read. To get the most out of this book skim first and then read in detail selectively. IMHO:Best bits: Gender bias & Male supremacy, Female infanticide, Cannibalism, Cultural [...]


    24. Interesting read! The book provides some compelling arguments regarding the origins of different cultures OR perspectives upon why people with different cultural backgrounds engage in certain activities that some of them (especially religous ceremonies) are even carried out present day. Some arguments the author made are hurtbreaking yet to a large extent, seem no less than plain truth. Just like there needs to be a strong motivation for an individual to conduct any activity, nearly 2 million ye [...]


    25. His influence on Jared Diamond is obvious, but there's a lot of stuff in here that was new to me. For instance, I was very surprised to read in Bernal Diaz's "Conquest of Mexico" that in every town they entered, they found hostages in cages being fattened up to be eaten. Harris provides confirmation, as well as a pretty interesting and plausible account of why cannibalism really took off there. His basic framework also provides good explanations of Jewish dietary restrictions and whatever it is [...]


    26. After reading some books I feel enriched with a better understanding of human nature, the sources that shaped us and society. Well Cannibals and Kings is one of the perfect books to help with such a task! It provided tones of information, put in a logic and easy to understand form; confirmed many of my believes, shade light on others and provided better explanations where I lacked them. I still need to read Jared Diamond's and Thomas Sowell's versions, of which a heard only good stuff. I find it [...]


    27. Non riesco mai ad essere d'accordo del tutto con Marvin Harris, ma forse è proprio per questo che mi piace.Teorie (più o meno condivise) a parte, il tono sentenzioso che lo contraddistingue può dare fastidio a molti, come anche dimenticare, fosse solo per qualche pagina, che il libro è stato scritto nel 1977, in piena Guerra Fredda e che lui è stato uno degli antropologi più controversi.Superate queste prime difficoltà ci si può addentrare in uno dei testi fondamentali del materialismo c [...]


    28. Harris presents an ambitious and compelling thesis regarding the causes of and unconscious motivations behind the development of human societies ancient & modern.He focuses on the cycle of depletion of resources, intensification, and decline as the most consistent story of humankind since the advent of agriculture. He argues that intensification is a natural reaction to a list of deplorable choices when societies are faced with threats to their way of life, but that intensification is always [...]


    29. Good to eat was the first anthropology book I've read. I thought it was very clever and enlightening. Later then I got to read the books of J. Diamond, D. Acemoglu, D.Headrick etc. and I understand that theories are important, but that it is more important that as much as evidence as possible have to be presented and that research should be very extended not only in geographical but also in historical terms (see Acemoglu D.). Many of the Harris' theories are plausible but too few facts and resea [...]


    Leave a Reply