Medieval Cities: Their Origins and the Revival of Trade

Medieval Cities: Their Origins and the Revival of Trade

Henri Pirenne / Aug 20, 2019

Medieval Cities Their Origins and the Revival of Trade Henri Pirenne is best known for his provocative argument known as the Pirenne thesis and familiar to all students of medieval Europe that it was not the invasion of the Germanic tribes that destroyed

  • Title: Medieval Cities: Their Origins and the Revival of Trade
  • Author: Henri Pirenne
  • ISBN: 9780691007601
  • Page: 328
  • Format: Paperback
  • Henri Pirenne is best known for his provocative argument known as the Pirenne thesis and familiar to all students of medieval Europe that it was not the invasion of the Germanic tribes that destroyed the civilization of antiquity, but rather the closing of Mediterranean trade by Arab conquest in the seventh century The consequent interruption of long distance commerceHenri Pirenne is best known for his provocative argument known as the Pirenne thesis and familiar to all students of medieval Europe that it was not the invasion of the Germanic tribes that destroyed the civilization of antiquity, but rather the closing of Mediterranean trade by Arab conquest in the seventh century The consequent interruption of long distance commerce accelerated the decline of the ancient cities of Europe Pirenne first formulated his thesis in articles and then expanded on them in Medieval Cities In the book Pirenne traces the growth of the medieval city from the tenth century to the twelfth, challenging conventional wisdom by attributing the origins of medieval cities to the revival of trade In addition, Pirenne describes the clear role the middle class played in the development of the modern economic system and modern culture The Pirenne thesis was fully worked out in the book Mohammed and Charlemagne, which appeared shortly after Pirenne s death Pirenne was one of the world s leading historians and arguably the most famous Belgium had produced During World War I, while teaching at the University of Ghent, he was arrested for supporting Belgium s passive resistance and deported to Germany, where he was held from 1916 to 1918 In 1922, universities in various parts of the United States invited him to deliver lectures out of these lectures grew Medieval Cities, which appeared in English translation before being published in French in 1927.

    Medieval commune Medieval commune Medieval communes in the European Middle Ages had sworn allegiances of mutual defense both physical defense and of traditional freedoms among the citizens of a town or city These took many forms and varied widely in organization and makeup Communes are first recorded in the late th and early th centuries, Top Medieval Cities In Europe Best Preserved Towns Honorable Mention Medieval Cities Troyes, France is most of the most surprising towns in France with its half timber homes, Medieval stain glass, and laid back atmosphere Dubrovnik, Croatia which is featured as Kings Landing in the Game of Thrones TV series is a beautiful, walled, seaside village Paris, Medieval Cities Their Origins and the Revival of Trade by Medieval Cities Their Origin and the Revival of Trade by Henri Pirenne was a very informative, yet dull book It gave tremendous detail on what the title suggests, and it Some of the most beautiful well preserved Medieval Mar , Europe was a bustling place in medieval times Today, across Europe, besides the upheavals and world wars, some cities have retained their medieval charm and architectural features. Medieval Towns How they looked and their government Town law and government Today, you can get a feeling on how life was in the medieval towns, by visiting places like San Gimignano in Italy, Dinan and Biot in France, or Rothenburg ob der Tauber in Germany, which are still preserving their medieval atmosphere and Medieval City Medieval City The Medieval city was similar to modern towns and cities in it s layout, however medieval cities were not as advanced and were different from the civilization we enjoy at present A Medieval city was considerably smaller with a limited population Its streets were not paved and there were no tarmac roads like there are today. Life in Medieval Towns and Cities Life in Medieval Towns and Cities In urban areas there was essentially freedom within the walls When cities and towns received their charters, a certain amount of freedom was gained, but it was by no means a democratic society. Medieval Cities Their Origins and the Revival of Trade As a historian Pirenne centered his attention on the urban development of the Low Countries during the medieval period In Medieval Cities, published in , he argues that medieval urban development grew out of regional fortresses With the economic revival beginning in Medieval Towns History Learning Site Mar , Medieval Towns Outside of London, the largest towns in England were the cathedral cities of Lincoln, Canterbury, Chichester, York, Bath, Hereford etc That these cities were big can be explained simply because they were cathedral cities These cities attracted all manner of people but especially traders and pilgrims. Henri Pirenne Medieval Cities Pirenne was also the author of Medieval Cities Their Origins and the Revival of Trade , a book based on lectures he delivered in the United States in In this book, he contends that through the period from the tenth to the twelfth centuries, Europe reclaimed control of the Mediterranean from the Muslim world, and opened up sea routes to the Orient.

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    About "Henri Pirenne"

      • Henri Pirenne

        Henri Pirenne was a leading Belgian historian He also became prominent in the non violent resistance to the Germans who occupied Belgium in World War I.Henri Pirenne s reputation today rests on three contributions to European history First, what has become known as the Pirenne Thesis, concerning origins of the Middle Ages in reactive state formation and shifts in trade secondly, for a distinctive view of Belgium s medieval history and, thirdly, for his model on the development of the medieval city.Source


    104 Comments

    1. Founding story of Western Europe, particularly in the origin of its cities. In effect, the city was the catalyst of medieval Europe, leading to personal freedom, economic freedom, expansion in trade, legal autonomy, and so forth, in a move way from feudalism. This was only made possible after the economic isolation of Western Europe from the Mediterranean due to the Muslim conquests. The only 'true' cities which existed before then in 'Europe' were Rome and Constantinople.I would have liked more [...]


    2. A little gem of a book, that presents what has been elsewhere called the "Pirenne thesis" -- that the Dark Ages descended on Europe not with the Ostrogoths' capture of Rome in the 5th century, but with the rise of Islam in Spain and West Asia in the eighth. In this book, Pirenne traces the decline of (European) cities as a result of this crisis, and their revival in the 11th and 12th centuries due to the reopening of the ancient trade routes.Pirenne argues that the barbarian take-over of the Rom [...]


    3. Saggio assai famoso, che quando uscì ebbe un impatto notevolissimo sulla storiografia tardoantica e medievale europea: Pirenne per la prima volta traccia il solco e i limiti della sua celebre tesi, che riasumendo per sommi capi dice che:a) si può definire una teoria generale, valida per tutta Europa, che spiega come le città siano rinate (e in molti casi letteralmente rifondate) dopo il cataclisma barbarico dell'alto medioevo;b) la rinascita delle città si spiega con il rifiorire del commerc [...]


    4. This series of lectures provides an excellent introduction to the urban history of Western Europe from 600 a.d. to 1200 a.d. Pirenne that the emergence of the Islam dynasties following the Mohammed's Hegira in 622 a.d. caused the entire commercial system of the Roman empire to collapse. The New muslim dynasties not only acquired control of the Silk Route, they also established significant naval fleets that. The combined effect was that commerce and trade collapsed in the Roman Empire.In the West [...]


    5. Weeks ago I scoured my to-read shelf for a little paperback to take on trains and long walks; "Medieval Cities" fit the bill perfectly. Pirenne constructs his ideas at the beginning of each chapter, and then provides explanations and evidence in a logical, sequential fashion. Whether sitting or walking, I was able to read this book a few pages at a time, put it down, and then pick up the narrative at a later time without feeling lost. Pirenne makes it clear what he wants to establish, and explai [...]


    6. Excelente libro. Pionero en explicar la caída de la economía occidental tras la expansión del Islam y, como producto de esto, la creación del feudalismo -a causa de motivos económicos-. Además es ameno e instruyente. La escuela de los Annales franceses es y será una gran motivación para ser historiador, pues al menos para mí lo es.


    7. I read the Spanish versionLas ciudades de la Edad MediaBreve ensayo histórico sobre el origen de las ciudades de la Edad Media, muy esclarecedor y ameno. Se trata de unos de los grandes historiadores europeos de la Edad Media. Belga de nacionalidad, muy oportunamente, puesto que su nación de origen juega un papel muy importante en el resurgir de las ciudades entre los siglos X y XI en Flandes, incluso con mayor relevancia que en el norte de Italia. El que Pirenne apareciera citado como autor d [...]


    8. Medieval Cities: Their Origin and the Revival of Trade by Henri Pirenne was a very informative, yet dull book. It gave tremendous detail on what the title suggests, and it even tells the reader more than what is expected. Pirenne does a fantastic job explaining how medieval cities sprung up form the Dark Ages and revived the trade between Europe and China on the Silk Road. The reader is able to gather new details on how small towns around the Mediterranean Sea were able to grow from something so [...]


    9. Henri Pirenne wrote this book almost 100 years ago, yet the arguments he makes in it continue to be influential. Most famous of these is the "Pirenne Thesis": that it was the 7th-8th-century Islamic advances across the Mediterranean, not the so-called barbarian invasions of the fourth century, that formed the break between the Roman world and the medieval one. But the book's main focus is medieval cities. Pirenne argues that, in the period after what he calls the "closing of the Mediterranean," [...]


    10. Pirenne, Henri. MEDIEVAL CITIES: Their Origins and the Revival of Trade. ((1925; this ed. 1935). ****. It’s amazing the rarities you can find at library book sales. This book, published by Princeton University Press, is a translation from the French of a series of lectures given by Professor Pirenne of (then) the University of Ghent to students at Princeton. During WW I, he was arrested and deported to Germany in 1915 because of his refusal to accede to the German orders that the work of the U [...]


    11. Henri Pirenne is a great historian and a great writer. His books are always really enjoyable to read, clear and approachable while still being very intelligent. This one isn't an exception. Medieval Cities, though it was written earlier, sort of functions as a sequel to his Mohammed and Charlemagne. The first two chapters offer an early version of that work's thesis - that the real change in Europe didn't come with the barbarian invasions, but with the closing off of the Mediterranean with the s [...]


    12. MEDIEVAL CITIES: Their Origins and the Revival of Trade, by Henri Pirenne and translated by Frank D. Halsey, is probably the toughest 167 page book I’ve ever tried to read. This classic of Medieval history grew out of lectures that Mr. Pirenne gave in the United States in 1922.It would help the reader if they are already familiar with the some of the history between 800-1200, as the people and places mentioned are not elaborated on. If you can’t find Flanders on a map, and you don’t have a [...]


    13. Lecture series often make great books. Not least because lectures are normally awarded to distinguished scholars with a lifetime of research at their command and an opportunity to distill it down to the essentials.So here we have Pirenne's famous Thesis and a brief yet dense description of the decline of European cities, their adolescence as centres of episcopal administration, and their revival in the high Middle Ages. It's obviously a little dated, but still retains an essential quality in its [...]


    14. Ünlü tarihçi Pirenne'nin ortaçağ kentlerinin doğuşu ve kentli kimliği üzerine konuşma notlarından oluşan eseridir. Orta çağda ticaretin gelişmeye başlamasıyla beraber feodal ekonomiden kent ekonomisine nasıl geçildiği ve yeni, özgür tüccar sınıfın ihtiyaçları ve gücü doğrultusunda bu yeni ekonominin kendi kurumlarını, ilk belediye kurumlarını hangi şartlar altında ve nasıl yarattığına değiniyor. Mutlaka okunması gerektiğini düşünüyorum. Bilgi verdi [...]


    15. Medieval Cities presents the Pirenne Thesis, a cogent and convincing argument for the formation of early European cities by trade. Originally presented as a series of lectures, Pirenne argues from few sources, all the more convincingly relying on logic, etymology and philology. Medieval Cities is an entirely inspiring thesis and presentation of an entire life’s work. I believe I understand the label of ‘a classic,’ ascribed by my edition, from Princeton University Press.


    16. Ortaçağda "kent"in yükselişi hakkında öğretici bir eser. Dili ağır değil ve aşırı detaycı değil, ama anlatılanların altında derin bir araştırma ve bilgi birikimi olduğu hissedilebiliyor. Bu arada yazarın Roma'nın çöküşü ile Ortaçağ ortamının başlamasına geçiş konusunda kendine has denebilecek, biraz farklı bir yorumu var(İletişim Yayınları'nın bastığı Türkçe tercümeden okudum; İlber Ortaylı'nın yazdığı bir önsöz de var.)


    17. This is an exceptionally clear and lively work of economic and social history, the perfect companion to Pirenne's Mohammed and Charlemagne. I can't vouch for how well his thesis has held up, but it seems plausible enough. And more importantly, it's fun to read.


    18. ağır bir konusu olmasına rağmen ben kitabı çok akıcı buldum. ortaçağ Avrupasında köylerin kente dönüşümü çok güzel, gerçekçi bir dille anlatılmışşke bizans-osmanlı ticaret sentezine de değinilmiş olsaydı.


    19. Ortaçağ boyunca ticaret algısından tutun, şehirleşme, burjuva sınıfının oluşumu gibi birçok konu bu kitapta açıklanıyor. Tarih meraklılarının büyük bir keyifle okuyacağına inanıyorum.


    20. A little dry but a pretty excellent overview of the rise of commerce in Medieval Europe! Inspired me to brush up on my knowledge of history.



    21. è il libro in cui si tratteggia la " tesi Pirenne " , poi sviluppata in " maometto e carlomagno " . ma fare un'analisi delle città del medioevo e scordarsi le città italiane mi sembra riduttivo


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