Toplumsal İşbölümü

Toplumsal İşbölümü

Émile Durkheim Özer Ozankaya / Jun 19, 2019

Toplumsal b l m Emile Durkheim toplumbilimsel d nce ve ara t rma alan n n en b y klerinden birisidir Toplumbilime temel yapmay ama lad bilimsel insan toplum ve d nya anlay n n nemi azalmak bir yana artagelmi tir Bu

  • Title: Toplumsal İşbölümü
  • Author: Émile Durkheim Özer Ozankaya
  • ISBN: 9789754068122
  • Page: 214
  • Format: Paperback
  • Emile Durkheim, toplumbilimsel d nce ve ara t rma alan n n en b y klerinden birisidir Toplumbilime temel yapmay ama lad bilimsel insan, toplum ve d nya anlay n n nemi azalmak bir yana artagelmi tir Bug n de toplum zerinde d nen ve toplumsal sorunlara ilgi duyan herkesin incelemesi gereken yap tlar ndan olan Toplumsal i b l m nde u ana d nceleri vurgulamakEmile Durkheim, toplumbilimsel d nce ve ara t rma alan n n en b y klerinden birisidir Toplumbilime temel yapmay ama lad bilimsel insan, toplum ve d nya anlay n n nemi azalmak bir yana artagelmi tir Bug n de toplum zerinde d nen ve toplumsal sorunlara ilgi duyan herkesin incelemesi gereken yap tlar ndan olan Toplumsal i b l m nde u ana d nceleri vurgulamaktad r E er toplumbilim insanlar n zg rl k, e itlik ve g nencine hizmet etmezse, bir dakikal k bir inceleme zahmetine bile de mez toplumbilimin toplum d zeninin olu umuna yapabilece i katk lar engellenmemelidir B t n uygarl k geleri i inde ahlaki bir nitelik g steren, belli ko ullar alt nda yaln z bilimdir Bilim, vicdan n en y ksek olgunluk a amas na ula m bi iminden ba ka bir ey de ildir Toplumlar n bug m i inde bulunduklar ko ullarda ya ayabilmeleri, hem bireysel hem de toplumsal bilin alan n n geni leyip ayd nlanmas na ba l d r Bir bilin ne kadar bilgisizlik karanl nda ise de i ime de o denli kar kar Buna kar l k bilgiyle ayd nlanm bir bilin , kendisini daha nceden bu de i im gere ine haz rlamas n bilir te bundan dolay bilimin k lavuzlu undaki zekan n toplumsal ya am n ak nda gittik e daha b y k bir yer tutmas zorunlu olmaktad r.

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    About "Émile Durkheim Özer Ozankaya"

      • Émile Durkheim Özer Ozankaya

        Much of Durkheim s work was concerned with how societies could maintain their integrity and coherence in modernity an era in which traditional social and religious ties are no longer assumed, and in which new social institutions have come into being His first major sociological work was The Division of Labor in Society 1893 In 1895, he published his Rules of the Sociological Method and set up the first European department of sociology, becoming France s first professor of sociology.In 1896, he established the journal L Ann e Sociologique Durkheim s seminal monograph, Suicide 1897 , a study of suicide rates amongst Catholic and Protestant populations, pioneered modern social research and served to distinguish social science from psychology and political philosophy The Elementary Forms of Religious Life 1912 , presented a theory of religion, comparing the social and cultural lives of aboriginal and modern societies.Durkheim was also deeply preoccupied with the acceptance of sociology as a legitimate science He refined the positivism originally set forth by Auguste Comte, promoting what could be considered as a form of epistemological realism, as well as the use of the hypothetico deductive model in social science For him, sociology was the science of institutions, citation needed its aim being to discover structural social facts Durkheim was a major proponent of structural functionalism, a foundational perspective in both sociology and anthropology In his view, social science should be purely holistic that is, sociology should study phenomena attributed to society at large, rather than being limited to the specific actions of individuals.He remained a dominant force in French intellectual life until his death in 1917, presenting numerous lectures and published works on a variety of topics, including the sociology of knowledge, morality, social stratification, religion, law, education, and deviance Durkheimian terms such as collective consciousness have since entered the popular lexicon.


    767 Comments

    1. Putting aside for a second the super annoying "human body is a microcosm of society" examples, his blatant racism and sexism, and his borderline anti-semitism, there is something really interesting going on here.Is this the Manifesto of the American Democratic Party circa 2010 (now)?Because we've made our religions less rigid, and we've left our families for towns, and we've moved closer to one another, we can, we must, differentiate ourselves into different professions, to express our individua [...]


    2. No wonder why sociology borrows from political science, otherwise this is what happens when you don't :p


    3. This book was a required text for one of my senior sociology classes. While it is very educational, I could not bring myself to rate it higher than a two simply because it is so dry. I managed to make it through, but only by dragging myself along with the dregs of my strength it sounds terribly juvenile to complain about a text that is supposed to be educational and enlightening as "dry," but I believe the best-written books will teach you everything necessary and expound upon the author's hear [...]


    4. One hell of a dissertation. At the same time I didn't appreciate in the slightest Durkheim's tendency to create prescriptions based only on the normative characters in a particular society. Normative, etymologically, concerns some type of adherence to a majority, and therein is a rather secure stance to take. I feel like for all the effort spent understanding the safest parts of society, Durkheim did little to incorporate the more subjugated members into that norm. Rather, he told Parisian women [...]


    5. Four stars because much better than Marx and Smith in my opinion. Good, clear (are you listening, Marx?) writing. Interesting, thoughtful ideas and arguments. I particularly enjoyed how Durkheim applied the idea of the Division of Labor to systems and aspects of life other than the economy. But don't get me wrong. This book wasn't exactly as pleasure to read either.



    6. The two star rating is a reflection of the book's readability (it was written in the late 19th century, so not much of a surprise there). The ideas, on the other hand, were mostly very interesting, and the thesis in general was able to account for a large variety of societal phenomena. Some very progressive ideas for its time, particularly with regard to the nature of external constraints on human equity.


    7. I find Durkheim incredibly frustrating. The idea of social facts is, perhaps, an interesting concept for the time. However, his treatment of the division of labor really forces the social concept and often strides over the development of interesting perspectives from other disciplines. This is especially evident in his constant argument by negation. Another classic in Sociology, though, and another perspective to consider when viewing the economic realities of our society.


    8. My Valentine's Day Blizzard Weekend 2015 accomplishment. Knocked off one of the first requirements in my long generals prep reading list. Read everything but the abnormalities stuff at the end which does not seem to be in use these days.


    9. very interesting discussion and a good counterpoint to Marxy concepts include mechanical vs organic solidarity, repressive vs restitutive law, and the idea that humanity becomes more individualized over time due to the division of labor.


    10. Interesting, if redundant, look at the ever increasing specialization of individuals in our society which still rings true today. Parts of it were extremely sexist however, but that is largely a product of the period in which it was written.



    11. A pungent analysis of current modernity, specially considering book III and the theory of democracy that figures in the last pages of book I.



    12. Durkheim isn’t one of my favourite theorists, but he’s one of first I read and well-known. His theories are staples in sociology and anthropology courses, especially his theory of anomie which asserts the positive correlation between one’s society or social world and suicide. It seems like a pretty obvious connection, but isn’t one many (even in modern times) make as self-concept and behaviours are seen as wholly “individual.” However, Durkheim belabours some points in his overall wr [...]



    13. For those who didn´t find in this essay the most entertaining and thrilling reading of their lives, a point must be done: The Division of Labor in Society is a doctoral dissertation from 1893. At times I couldn´t help to picture Durkheim as a sociology-shaped version of Kant ("Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals"), as if the Königsberg philosopher had been transferred a hundred years forward. Durkheim's slow-paced argumentative style requires to follow his statements and assumptions as an [...]


    14. Besides the disturbing misogyny and weird emphasis of phrenology (yikes!) -> racism and other problematics, Durkheim's insights into society, particularly his comments on mechanical solidarity are extremely prescient today in light of the resurgence of fascism.


    15. This is Durkheim's first book. I read his last book, "Elementary forms of Religious Experience" first, and liked it immensely. This one is drier (it was his doctoral thesis).There is a thesis (for example described in another book I read called 'The Social Construction of Reality') to the effect that social institutions (in particular governments) are spontaneous products of a living milieu. As such, they must be periodically dismantled in order to be allowed to reform in a more relevant and eff [...]


    16. If we consider Durkheim as father of sociology I should say whats distinguish him from other sociologist is his objective attitude toward power-network relation between society's phenomena which is last approach of sociology in modern world and this approach leds me to otherness in lacan perspective!






    17. had to read first three chapters for my sociology class. gave me quite a headache with lot of bad arguments







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