Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language: An Elementary Exposition

Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language: An Elementary Exposition

Saul A. Kripke / Dec 12, 2019

Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language An Elementary Exposition In this book Saul Kripke brings his powerful philosophical intelligence to bear on Wittgenstein s analysis of the notion of following a rule

  • Title: Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language: An Elementary Exposition
  • Author: Saul A. Kripke
  • ISBN: 9780674954014
  • Page: 297
  • Format: Paperback
  • In this book Saul Kripke brings his powerful philosophical intelligence to bear on Wittgenstein s analysis of the notion of following a rule.

    Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language An Elementary Originally published in , Saul Kripke s Rules and Private Language has become a classic in contemporary analytic philosophy and probably the most notable if contentious analysis of Wittgenstein s later work. Wittgenstein, Ludwig Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy Ludwig Wittgenstein Ludwig Wittgenstein is one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century, and regarded by some as the most important since Immanuel Kant.His early work was influenced by that of Arthur Schopenhauer and, especially, by his teacher Bertrand Russell and by Gottlob Frege, who became something of a friend. This work culminated in the Tractatus Ludwig Wittgenstein Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein v t n t a n, s t a n German lu tv v tg n ta n April April was an Austrian British philosopher who worked primarily in logic, the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of mind, and the philosophy of language. From to , Wittgenstein Philosophical Investigations Philosophical Investigations German Philosophische Untersuchungen is a work by the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein.It was first published posthumously in Wittgenstein discusses numerous problems and puzzles in the fields of semantics, logic, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of action, and philosophy of mind, putting forth the view that conceptual Ludwig Wittgenstein Friesian School Awful fellow Never stopped talking Paul Dirac on Wittgenstein, quoted by Graham Farmelo, The Strangest Man, The Hidden Life of Paul Dirac, Mystic of the Atom Basic Books, , p. Wittgenstein s Logic of Language Definitions, metaphors and methods Wittgenstein used to objectively distinguish sense from nonsense in philosophy, by identifying logic with rules of meaning rather than with rules of form, and his aim of philosophy as clarification of what is in plain view rather than speculation about what it seems is not. Ludwig Wittgenstein Philosophy Pages Raised in a prominent Viennese family, Ludwig Wittgenstein studied engineering in Germany and England, but became interested in the foundations of mathematics and pursued philosophical studies with Moore at Cambridge before entering the Austrian army during World War I The notebooks he kept as a soldier became the basis for his Tractatus, which later earned him a doctorate and exerted a Wittgenstein Philosophy Pages Nov , The direction of analytic philosophy in the twentieth century was altered not once but twice by the enigmatic Austrian British philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein.By his own philosophical work and through his influence on several generations of other thinkers, Wittgenstein transformed the nature of philosophical activity in the English speaking world. Wittgenstein, Ludwig Later Philosophy of Mathematics Ludwig Wittgenstein Later Philosophy of Mathematics Mathematics was a central and constant preoccupation for Ludwig Wittgenstein He started in philosophy by reflecting on the nature of mathematics and logic and, at the end of his life, his manuscripts on these topics amounted to thousands of pages, including notebooks and correspondence. Ludwig Wittgenstein Language Games Signo Applied In their later acceptation beginning with the Philosophical Investigations , Wittgenstein s language games established some notions that have extremely important implications for the theory of signs, in that they cover the entire range of semiotic practices.The language games can be understood as the shared conceptual parameters that make it possible to identify and produce signs, and to

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    About "Saul A. Kripke"

      • Saul A. Kripke

        Saul Aaron Kripke is an American philosopher and logician, now emeritus from Princeton He teaches as distinguished professor of philosophy at CUNY Graduate Center Since the 1960s Kripke has been a central figure in a number of fields related to logic, philosophy of language, metaphysics, epistemology, and set theory Much of his work remains unpublished or exists only as tape recordings and privately circulated manuscripts Kripke was the recipient of the 2001 Schock Prize in Logic and Philosophy He has received honorary degrees from the University of Nebraska, Omaha 1977 , Johns Hopkins University 1997 , University of Haifa, Israel 1998 , and the University of Pennsylvania 2005 He is a member of the American Philosophical Society Kripke is also an elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy In a recent poll conducted by philosophers Kripke was among the top ten most important philosophers of the past 200 years.


    1. Kripke is brilliant, and I only regret that it took me until now to read and to appreciate him. He gives an amazing exegesis of Wittgenstein, who was also brilliant, but obfuscated the fact by making his case with rhetorical questions. Kripke has figured out the answers to the rhetorical questions, and has tied up the loose ends.Kripke argues that Wittgenstein’s gift to philosophy is a skeptical paradox, as well as a skeptical solution to the skeptical paradox, very much parallel to the skepti [...]

    2. Can only be described as going down to hell and meeting the devil, who ends up being you. Shocked and amazed. True and honest.

    3. John Searle once complained to Bryan Magee about all the “trash” that was being published about the so-called “private language argument” of sections §243 ff. of the Philosophical Investigations. He could easily have extended his claim to publications about the Investigations in general. The first generation of Wittgenstein interpretation has been exceedingly weak, causing his work largely to fall into disrepute among professional philosophers. Not too long ago, a professor of mine warn [...]

    4. کریپکی این کتاب را برای شرح و توضیح بخش‌هایی از پژوهش‌های فلسفی ویتگنشتاین که به بحث پیروی از قاعده و زبان خصوصی می‌پردازد نوشته است. با انتشار این کتاب مسئلهٔ پیروی از قاعده به یکی از مهم‌ترین بحث‌های فلسفهٔ تحلیلی معاصر تبدیل شده است و بسیاری از فیلسوفان در باب همدلانه ب [...]

    5. كتاب فلسفي تخصصييعرض "كيربكي" نظرته وقراءته لمفارقة "فيتجنشتاين" الفيلسوف الألماني النمساوي ثم يعرض جواب المفارقة عن طريق "حجة اللغة الخاصة" فيتكفل "كيربكي" بالشرح وقراءته لهذه المسائلوهذه المفارقة لعلها أصيلة في المنهج الشكي عن طريق اللغةوكما هو مشهور في المنهج الشكي عند د [...]

    6. As a piece of Wittgenstein scholarship, this is deeply flawed, and this can be established by spending a relatively short time with the Investigations itself. However, Kripke's paradox itself is a major contribution to the philosophy of language, and I find myself struggling with it to this day.

    7. If you read _Philosophical Investigations_, read this afterwards. It does wonderful job of explicating Wittgenstein's arguments.

    8. In David Lodge's Changing Places, some English profs play a game called "humiliation" where you mention works of literature you haven't read. You score points when other people have read the book you mentioned. One competitive prof tries to win and admits that he hasn't read Hamlet. It gets him a lot of points, but all the other profs are so horrified that he doesn't get tenure. This book is certainly something that it would be embarrassing to say that you haven't read (if you're a professional [...]

    9. One of Wittgenstein's strongest points is that he understood style and structure could be used as vital elements of communication, as much so as sentences and words. Kripke similarly strives for clarity, but instead relies on iteration after iteration. Even his metaphors he cannot resist crucifying after formulation. Despite this, he offers up a clear and deep analysis of the rule following paradox, alongside many digressions on a variety of topics. In order to examine the paradox, he had to exc [...]

    10. This is an interpretation of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations. Wittgenstein's opinions about meaning hinge on a paradox about what it means to follow a rule. (Since he couldn't satisfy himself that he was doing the paradox justice in a book, I won't try to explain it in a paragraph). Wittgenstein wrote in short, loosely related, often metaphor-heavy paragraphs rather than connected arguments, and so it isn't always clear what he is trying to say. I read part of Philosophical Investiga [...]

    11. A great book on philosophy. Put very baldly, it posits that no word in our language can ever have a consistent meaning which can predict future use, and thus the only way we can define language is as something accepted by a group; basically (although Kripke doesn't use the phrase) a social construct, a "language-game" without any meaning outside of the group dynamic. This, a major reversal of the Tractatus, is from the the pragmatist late-Wittgenstein work Philosophical Investigations - although [...]

    12. Tough-going but not unrewarding. Clarity was not helped by the frequent and lengthy footnotes, some extending over a page and a half. The main thread was difficult enough to follow, without all the smaller-font twists and turns and afterthoughts, added I think to embellish an earlier version of the text. I was glad when I got to the end, somewhat tempered alas by knowing I'll have to read it all again to try to understand at least some of what I didn't grasp the first time. 'Elementary' in the s [...]

    13. This work is magnificent, and essentially takes a step beyond Hume and extends the problem of induction into linguistics and the philosophy of language. If you found yourself reading Hume but still had low-road of the work brought about by the Analytics in the back of your mind, this work will shiver little orgasms of clarity and glue together your mental framework.

    14. I thought I would remember enough from Philosophical Investigations that I woulnd't need to have it as a ready reference. I was wrong. But I lent out my copy ages ago - and now I'm looking for a copy online.

    15. Technical comment: At least according to the information in the book (copyright page), this was released in softcover in 1982, not 1984 (though the 1982 softcover has a pink cover).

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