رسالة في اللاهوت والسياسة

رسالة في اللاهوت والسياسة

Baruch Spinoza حسن حنفي فؤاد زكريا / Jun 25, 2019

Rational examination of the Old Testament to show that freedom of thought and speech is consistent with the religious life True religion consists in practice of simple piety independent of philosophi

  • Title: رسالة في اللاهوت والسياسة
  • Author: Baruch Spinoza حسن حنفي فؤاد زكريا
  • ISBN: 9770510742
  • Page: 130
  • Format: None
  • Rational examination of the Old Testament to show that freedom of thought and speech is consistent with the religious life True religion consists in practice of simple piety, independent of philosophical speculation.

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      Published :2018-09-10T00:58:08+00:00

    About "Baruch Spinoza حسن حنفي فؤاد زكريا"

      • Baruch Spinoza حسن حنفي فؤاد زكريا

        Baruch Spinoza was a Dutch philosopher The breadth and importance of Spinoza s work was not fully realized until many years after his death By laying the groundwork for the 18th century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and, arguably, the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th century philosophy His magnum opus, the posthumous Ethics, in which he opposed Descartes mind body dualism, has earned him recognition as one of Western philosophy s most important thinkers In the Ethics, Spinoza wrote the last indisputable Latin masterpiece, and one in which the refined conceptions of medieval philosophy are finally turned against themselves and destroyed entirely Philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel said of all contemporary philosophers, You are either a Spinozist or not a philosopher at all.


    336 Comments

    1. ‎دوستانِ گرانقدر، پیش از بیان توضیحات در مورد این کتاب، لازم است که بگویم کتابهایی که در موردِ <اسپینوزا> در ایران چاپ میشود، سراسر تحریف است، لذا به آنها هیچ اعتمادی نیست‎عزیزانم، <اسپینوزا> کتابِ "رسالهٔ الهی-سیاسی" را در سالِ 1663 میلادی نوشت، امّا برایِ در امان ماندن [...]


    2. God is nature, and nature is GodAn in-depth incursion, by an excommunicated Jew*, into the authorship of the Pentateuch and other Old Testament books. Moses at [the] stake. An insightful analysis of the language, by an expert in Hebrew language, as Spinoza was. The writings of the Apostles are approached too. Finally, the analysis of the foundations of the State, the nature of the Lawd the main point of Baruch Spinoza: the King is not above criticism, but he may be the object of.ON ÉTABLIT QUE [...]


    3. هذا كتاب في فلسفة الأديان ترجمه للعربية د. حسن حنفي ، لا أعلم هل يمكن طباعته في العصرالحالي أم لا كان من حظي أن وجدت نسخة قديمة مطبوعةيسعدني مشاركتكم بنسخة ال pdf :)4shared/office/k8uLTwV-----------------------------------------------------------------------بعد القراءة" ياللعجب ! لقد أصبحت التقوى وأصبح الدين أسرارا ممتن [...]


    4. أعتقد أن هذا الكتاب من كتب نقد الأديان المحورية وهو بالتأكيد يمكن ان يصنف فى قائمة أفضل هذه الكتب . إنه حوار عقلى خالص يجعلك تنقد الكثير من أفكارك مهما كان لديك من الأحكام المسبقة والإيمان الموروث المترسخ فهو لذلك لا يصلح للمبتدئين .يستهدف سبينوزا فى هذه الرسالة نقاطاً أساسي [...]


    5. Review:June 2007Philosophy, the Elite, and the Future"Men would never be superstitious, if they could govern all their circumstances by set rules, or if they were always favored by fortune" Thus begins one of the greatest books in the history of philosophy. Spinoza is an esoteric writer; he doesn't shout everything he has to say, though an attentive reader has a chance, however slight, to discern at least part of it. The existence of this philosophical-political esotericism, first adequately des [...]


    6. Here's an important passage:"The affirmations and the negations of 'God' always involve necessity or truth; so that, for example, if God said to Adam that He did not wish him to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, it would have involved a contradiction that Adam should have been able to eat of it, and would, therefore, have been impossible that he should have so eaten, for the Divine command would have involved an eternal necessity and truth. But since Scripture nevertheless narrates [...]


    7. The Enlightenment book on tolerance. Argues that scripture is not just interpreted subjectively but was written subjectively, because God can communicate to men only elliptically, using symbolism and cultural tropes. Calls for intellectual freedom all over the place."[P]eople must be governed in such a way that they can live in harmony, even though they openly hold different and contradictory opinions. We cannot doubt that this is the best way of ruling, and has the least disadvantages, since it [...]


    8. Like Nietzsche, who adored Spinoza and called him "the purest philosopher," and Hobbes, whom Spinoza had read and admired, there is a certain brutal honesty in Spinoza's philosophy that comes through vividly in the Theological-Political Treatise. This short work, produced in Amsterdam in the 17th-century at the height of Calvin's influence, was actually written after his more famous Ethics, though published before it. Spinoza here describes his views of the relationship between Scripture, the St [...]


    9. لو كان التحكم بالأذهان شبيهًا بالتحكم بالألسنة، لما وجد الحكم يومًا ما أي مشكلة.


    10. If you wanna read an extraordinary research on religion, prophets, miracle, scriptures based on philosophical arguments this book is the right choice. It is also an analysis of the bible by a science called philology. Spinoza argues that the bible we see today is not the actual revelation of god rather it is just telling stories of the prophets after hundreds of years of their death. And finally it talks about the style of ruling of Jews from the days of Moses and the factors that made their emp [...]


    11. If there ever was a philosopher capable of endearing himself to the devoted and skeptical alike, it was Spinoza. Through his courageous example, we can learn to love God/Nature/Truth, and love to use our reason.The philosopher's work on the Bible is a groundbreaking exposition of the historical conditions that underlie religious texts. It explains the Bible in strikingly modern, critical terms, and in line with Spinoza's other work, it provides an interpretation of God in rational, naturalistic, [...]


    12. Summary: Published anonymously in 1670 Netherlands, Spinoza's attempt here is to address and critique the widespread religious beliefs and biblical interpretations that people use to justify various moral and political beliefs. Spinoza's ultimate stance is that the Bible is written by human hands, that prophets have insight to divine will but dress their stories in human imagination, that miracles are a testament to our own ignorance rather than supernatural intervention, and that the only true [...]


    13. İflah olmaz bir Spinoza hayranı olarak TTP'yi ilk günkü heyecanla defalarca kez tekrar okudum. Her seferinde daha önce fark edemediğim başka bir boyutla karşılaştım. Hristiyanlığın Özü'nün Hıristiyan inanç sistemine yaptığı eleştirinin daha derin ve daha tutarlı bir formunu TTP'de görüyoruz. Cemaatten çıkarılmış olsa da Baruch Spinoza çocukken aldığı sıkı İbranice eğitimi sayesinde Yahudi kutsal metinlerine "içeriden" eleştiriler getirebilecek bir donanı [...]


    14. As tedious as watching re-runs of "Seinfield". I really enjoyed the author's "Ethics". This book was painful because he's constantly quoting 'scripture' both new and old testament. He painfully lays the biblical foundation that he uses in his "Ethics". Nicest thing I can say for this book is that it's no worse than most Liberal Theological books available today would be.I enjoy Star Trek. I'm not going to argue the truth and the wisdom of the Prime Directive by selectively quoting from different [...]


    15. I like Spinoza a lot, but this was nowhere near as good as the Ethics. That said, there's still a great deal of wisdom in here. What I loved about the Ethics was that Spinoza managed to forge an entirely new path. However, in the Tractatus, he relies far too much on Biblical exegesis and what have you. Boring. But I can imagine that for religious folk, this would be a really refreshing book to read, both in its Biblical exegesis and its claims of the commensurability of religion and reason.


    16. لقد قام الدكتور حسن حنفي بمجهود راءع من حيث تعريب و تقديم هذا الكتاب ، و خلق سؤال مههما هل من حقنا ان ننظر الي الكتب المقدسة نظره علميه؟ ، مهما كان اختلافنا مع وجعه نظر المؤلف فإنني أتفق مع المترجم ان حريه الفكر والتفلسف لا تمثل خطرا علي الدين والتقوي او علي سلامه الدول حتي و ل [...]


    17. Amazing work for seventeenth century! I have to admit that I just purchased bible on tape to try to keep up with the biblical analysis offered here :)


    18. كتاب رائع قرأته مرة وأعيد قراءته كثيراً وإليكم إقتباس أراه هو الأهم من هذا الكتاب


    19. A book that begins as a stunning example of biblical philology which then turns into a fierce defense of democracy and individual freedom. Spinoza is equally at home debunking biblical myths and totalitarian government.


    20. What I understand from Spinoza is that God is Logic and Causality, God is Nature of Things, Nature of Things is an absolute universal Truth and can't be broken, that's God isn't it?If a prophet dreamt of God commanding him, then these commands came from the prophet's Imagination itself, but that's fine, Imagination is part of Nature after all, so it is of humans psychology to look for God and worship him. So what should we take from Prophets and Scriptures?We have Reasoning, that's part of our N [...]



    21. “Since love of God is the highest felicity and happiness of man, his final end and the aim of all his actions, it follows that he alone observes the divine law who is concerned to love God not from fear of punishment nor love of something else, such as pleasure, fame, ect but from the single fact that he knows God, or that he knows that the knowledge and love of God is the highest good”. (pg 60)Spinoza's Theological-Politcal Treasise has intrigued me for a while, here was one of the earlier [...]


    22. Spinoza is frustrating. Not simply because he's "hard to read" (there's that), but because of the kind of inferences he feels warranted in making. Spinoza was a rationalist, so he believed (without a doubt) that there are certain immutable truths accessible to human reason. This might be true - I feel pretty confident in asserting that I know, with certainty, that 2 + 2 = 4 - but when he applies his rationalism to theological considerations, his reasoning gets tricky.Take his essay "Of Miracles, [...]


    23. This was a mixed bag for me. The Treatise was very forward thinking for it's time, but still contained much theological rubbish. Granted, Spinoza lived in a day when it was dangerous to speak certain opinions too plainly, and it was clear that he was hardly a fundamentalist by any stretch of the imagination, but I felt he accorded too much authority to the Hebrew and Christian scriptures.That being said, there were some real gems between its covers. From the Preface:"I have often wondered, that [...]


    24. Off this review: Anthony, we’re going to talk about five books which weigh religion and secularism. I think that’s how we’ve decided to frame this discussion? This will be the first of a series of interviews with various people addressing the same subject from a number of different angles.The first book that I’ve chosen is from a long time ago: 1670. It was written by Spinoza and published after his death. It’s called "Tractatus Theologico-Politicus" and there are a number of reasons w [...]


    25. Brilliant work by a genius. This book is very influential and Spinoza's insights are today and will remain topical so long as men have any sort of religion.Spinosa starts with an analysis of whether it is proper for Judeo Christian theocrats to use divine authority as a basis for their power over society and, once that topic is basically exhausted by rigorous logic, then shifts to an argument that moral choices are personal and allowing individual choice is the best legitimate form of government [...]


    26. I read theR. H. M. Elwes English translation of Spinoza's Theologico-Political Treatise (1670) and Political Treatise (unfinished manuscript written shortly before Spinoza's death) in 1967. Since I do not know Latin, I cannot vouch for the accuracy of any particular translation of Latin into English. However, I am aware that the Straussians and theFocus Philosophical Library (now an imprint of Hackett Publishing Company) attempt English translations that are as accurate and free of interpretive [...]


    27. I'm on page 279 of 432 of A Theologico-Political Treatise/A Political Treatise: I've now completed the first portion of this two-part publication after having left off at page 120 eight years ago I've taken 6 weeks to get to the end of the first portion. It's been interesting. There were numerous passages in A Theologico-Political Treatise where I thought to myself that those views and events and processes being described by Spinoza could really be applicable to the current political and social [...]


    28. Started reading the Ethics, but that was hard, so gave up for a while and tried this as a warm-up.Philosophy is fun to read when you get to feel an emotional/intellectual resonance with the author. Basically the same experience as reading a novel that works for you. When you agree with what the author is saying, and you're aware that he was going to get into serious trouble for publishing it, it's easy to feel that human connection with the author.Apparently written after the Ethics, but publish [...]


    29. I had an interesting two and a half months with this renegade, excommunicated, 17th-century Jew, who had haunted my reading for a couple of months before I agreed to ponder his ideas. Samuel Shirley's translation is very readable and Spinoza's methodology and prose are crystal clear compared to what he used in his Ethics. His Biblical interpretation foreshadowed the 19th-century German historical-critical movement that transformed Biblical Studies. He provided an interesting perspective on the N [...]


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