L'institution, la passivité. Notes de Cours au Collège de France, 1954-1955

L'institution, la passivité. Notes de Cours au Collège de France, 1954-1955

Maurice Merleau-Ponty Claude Lefort / Apr 23, 2019

L institution la passivit Notes de Cours au Coll ge de France C est dans les notes de cours ici publi es que Merleau Ponty donne pour la premi re fois une inflexion d cisive la ph nom nologie en direction d une nouvelle ontologie Il s attaque la racine de la phi

  • Title: L'institution, la passivité. Notes de Cours au Collège de France, 1954-1955
  • Author: Maurice Merleau-Ponty Claude Lefort
  • ISBN: 9782701133010
  • Page: 136
  • Format: Hardcover
  • C est dans les notes de cours ici publi es que Merleau Ponty donne pour la premi re fois une inflexion d cisive la ph nom nologie en direction d une nouvelle ontologie Il s attaque la racine de la philosophie du sujet en m me temps qu il s vade du cadre de la th orie de l Histoire auquel ses critiques du h g lianisme et du marxisme taient encore demeur es assujettiesC est dans les notes de cours ici publi es que Merleau Ponty donne pour la premi re fois une inflexion d cisive la ph nom nologie en direction d une nouvelle ontologie Il s attaque la racine de la philosophie du sujet en m me temps qu il s vade du cadre de la th orie de l Histoire auquel ses critiques du h g lianisme et du marxisme taient encore demeur es assujetties D un c t il vise avec la notion d institution dans des domaines aussi diff rents que possible le sentiment l art les math matiques la connaissance d autres cultures des v nements d une exp rience qui la dotent de dimensions durables par rapport auxquelles d autres v nements auront sens formeront une suite D un autre c t il d c le dans la passivit non pas un tat mais une modalit de notre relation au monde non pas le contraire de l activit mais son envers Et du m me coup il fait appara tre une activit l envers de la passivit En t moignent l attache au monde qui subsiste dans le sommeil le travail du r ve l efficacit de l oubli qui maintient un pr sent intact dans la m moire Ces notes de cours ont l incomparable m rite de nous rendre sensibles une recherche et au meilleur sens du terme ce qu elle a d aventureux Incursions r p t es dans l univers de Proust discussion du d tail d interpr tations de Freud exploration des croyances au temps de Rabelais dans le sillage de Lucien Febvre analyses critiques de th ses de Sartre ou de L vi Strauss la pens e de Merleau Ponty ne cesse de s exercer et parfois semble se d couvrir elle m me au contact des autres

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    About "Maurice Merleau-Ponty Claude Lefort"

      • Maurice Merleau-Ponty Claude Lefort

        Maurice Merleau Ponty pronounced m is m lop ti in French March 14, 1908 May 3, 1961 was a French phenomenological philosopher, strongly influenced by Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger in addition to being closely associated with Jean Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir At the core of Merleau Ponty s philosophy is a sustained argument for the foundational role that perception plays in understanding the world as well as engaging with the world Like the other major phenomenologists Merleau Ponty expressed his philosophical insights in writings on art, literature, and politics however Merleau Ponty was the only major phenomenologist of the first half of the Twentieth Century to engage extensively with the sciences, and especially with descriptive psychology Because of this engagement, his writings have become influential with the recent project of naturalizing phenomenology in which phenomenologists utilize the results of psychology and cognitive science.Merleau Ponty was born in Rochefort sur Mer, Charente Maritime His father was killed in World War 1 when Merleau Ponty was 3 After secondary schooling at the lyc e Louis le Grand in Paris, Maurice Merleau Ponty became a student at the cole Normale Sup rieure, where he studied alongside Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, and Simone Weil He passed the agr gation in philosophy in 1930.Merleau Ponty first taught at Chartres, then became a tutor at the cole Normale Sup rieure, where he was awarded his doctorate on the basis of two important books La structure du comportement 1942 and Ph nom nologie de la Perception 1945.After teaching at the University of Lyon from 1945 to 1948, Merleau Ponty lectured on child psychology and education at the Sorbonne from 1949 to 1952 He was awarded the Chair of Philosophy at the Coll ge de France from 1952 until his death in 1961, making him the youngest person to have been elected to a Chair.Besides his teaching, Merleau Ponty was also political editor for Les Temps Modernes from the founding of the journal in October 1945 until December 1952 Aged 53, he died suddenly of a stroke in 1961, apparently while preparing for a class on Descartes He was buried in Le P re Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.


    471 Comments

    1. As always, these lecture notes of Merleau-Ponty's are enigmatic and fascinating. It would have been great to be at the lectures and allow him to fill in the spaces and ellipses the notes leave, but at least we have the notes to show us his thoughts in development.


    2. By far the most novel parts of the course are Merleau-Ponty's encounters with psychoanalysis. M-P clearly lays out a schema of the unconscious as the ambiguous life of the pre-objective flesh (body-world nexus) as it lies buried underneath the sedimentations of reflective, conscious life. Unconsciousness, then, is an absence in the present, an absence which makes itself present by being past. The past shows up in the present, not positively for itself, but as a lack which indicates a previous li [...]


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